Back in April, Conroe, as well as the state of Texas was celebrating the 175th anniversary of the Battle of San Jacinto and the Republic of Texas. Conroe celebrated this event in grand fashion with the unveiling of our newest and proudest memorial we call The Lone Star Monument and Historical Flag Park. Located adjacent to the central library, 13 flags wave above reminding us of past symbols flown during key battles in Texas.
Those flags include the Coahuila y Tejas flag that was flown from 1821-1836. The 1824 Tri-color Flag Alamo Flag flown from 1835-1836 reminds us of the Mexican constitution with Texas that was breached by Santa Anna. The crest was removed from the Mexican flag and the date 1824 was put in its place which was the date the constitution was made. This was the first legal flag of the Texas Revolution and was also the last foreign flag flown in the state.
Also included in the symbols of our freedom is the Texas Navy Flag that was flown in 1836. This flag was designed similar to our US flag, with one star in the design along with multiple stripes. There was the Alabama Red Rovers flag that was flown from 1835-1836. This flag was flown by a group from Alabama that heeded the call from Sam Houston to help Texas fight against Mexico. Their group was called the Red Rovers due in part by the color of their uniforms. Next, there was the New Orleans Grays flag that was flown from 1835-1836. This flag represented the volunteers from New Orleans. This particular flag was saved by Santa Anna after the fall of the Alamo as proof of the seditionists in Texas.
One of my favorite flags was the Gonzales Flag flown in 1835 that had the words “COME & TAKE IT” across it. This was also known as The Old Cannon Flag. Mexico demanded that a loaned cannon be returned by the colonists in Gonzales. That request was denied. This prompted the Battle of Gonzales which introduced the first shots fired in the Texas Revolution.
Additional flags included the Sarah Dodson's Tri-color Flag flown in 1835 over the meeting hall at Washington on the Brazos during the constitutional convention. This was an important time in Texas history with the declaration of independence from Mexico. Next came the Troutman Lone Star flag that was flown in 1836. This was the flag representing the volunteers from Georgia. On one side were the words “Liberty or Death” and on the other side in latin displayed the words “Where Liberty Dwells there is my country”.
Soon, another flag was flown over Texas in 1836. This was the Goliad Severed Arm, Bloody Sword flag to celebrate the first signing of the declaration of independence drawn and signed on the altar of Our Lady of Loreto Chapel at Presidio La Bahia. Next, there was the San Jacinto Liberty Flag flown in 1836. This was designed and brought by the volunteers from Kentucky. Then there was the First Flag of the Republic, the De Zavala Flag also flown in 1836. This was adopted as the first official flag of Texas.
The second flag of the republic, the Burnet Flag was flown in 1836. This was received by the new Texas government. This flag was the one flown when the United States recognized Texas as an independent and sovereign nation. Although Texas applied for statehood in 1837, the request was denied and Texas existed as an independent nation until 1845 when it was granted statehood and was annexed by the United States.
Then there is the best flag of them all, the Lone Star Flag which we know and love today. This flag began being flown in 1839 and was designed by Dr. Charles B. Stewart in Montgomery Texas. He was the second man to sign the Texas declaration of independence and a bust of him is displayed on the grounds of our new flag park. What a wonderfull story of Texas is told through the rally flags that flew over our great state. If you get a chance to visit this new park, I would recommend it not only for the beauty of the park, but for the history it displays.